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ECONOMIC DIPLOMACY, COMMUNITY IN MACRO-REGIONAL PERSPECTIVE - THE CASE OF DANUBE REGION
Costin LIANU, Corina GUDEI

Last modified: 2017-11-01

Abstract


The Danube region covers from upstream till downstream regions  of nine EU countries, (Germany, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia) and five non-EU countries (Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Ukraine and Moldova).These countries can be divided into highly developed economies, medium developed and less developed. The region is facing socio - economic disparities which may be consider as an obstacle for cohesion policy and for the successful development of the region.

The creation of macro-regional cooperation forms requires more complex efforts and therefore, a new type of economic diplomacy, at the Danube level since it is regional policy implementation instruments which may offer  options  to turn the peripheral countries in EU regions  into better  models of cohesion and further integration. This may involve a new concept of economic diplomacy.

This paper is bringing some new approaches on the issue of macro-regional dimension of competitiveness and the way cooperation between different stake holders like  universities and industries may be integrated in the context of EUSDR economic diplomacy and may increase the competitive identity of the region.

 

 


Keywords


community of practice (CoP), economic diplomacy, macro-economic region, smart specialization in regional context, macro regional competitiveness, knowledge based economy, university- industry interaction.

References


1.EU Commission report  on macro-regional strategies implementation. Accessed  March  15, 2017 http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2016/12/16-12-2016-the-commission-publishes-the-first-ever-single-report-on-the-implementation-of-eu-macro-regional-strategies.html

2. Stojić Karanović, Research Professor, Former Director of the Institute of International Politics and Economics, Belgrade, President of the International Scientific Forum “Danube 0 River of Cooperation http://danube-cooperation.com/danubius/2015/07/05/economic-diplomacy-enhancement-macro-regional-cooperation-forms-europe-special-focus-eu-strategy-danube-region/

3. Danube region strategy, Accessed March  27, 2017, http:// www.danube-region.eu.html .

4.Smart specialization strategy, Accessed  March  27, 2017,

http://www.s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/danube-macroregion.html

http://www.eusdr.eu.html.

5. Étienne Charles Wenger , communities of practice. Accessed  May 3, 2017,

http://www.wenger-trayner.com/theory/html

6. Robert-Jan Smits, Director General for Research and Innovation at the European Commission, Accessed  May 3, 2017,

http://www.euractiv.com/.../eu-innovation-official-smart-specialisation-not-html.

7. Dominique Foray A Simple Policy Idea with Great Impact: Smart Specialization Strategies in the EU” Accessed  February  17, 2017,

http://www. ec.europa.eu.html.

8. Foresight report on industrial and cluster opportunities 2015. Accessed  February  17, 2017, http://ec.europa.eu/.../fta2014_presentation_t1practice_40.html.

9.Exploring the Foresight report on industrial and cluster opportunities. Accessed  February  20, 2017, http://www.foresight-platform.eu/.html.

 


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