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Chikungunya fever- on rise due to recent climate variability
Diana Elena Padurescu

Last modified: 2017-11-22

Abstract


Chikungunya is an acute illness caused by a virus and transmitted by the infected female mosquitoes. Along Zika, Dengue, Yellow Fever, Chikungunya is spread by the same vector, Aedes Aegypty yet, each develops different symptoms. Although, it has been reported that Chikungunya virus was carried by another vector, Aedes Albopictus in the Indian Ocean lineage. Outbreaks usually take place in areas after a rainy season, where the infected mosquitoes breed actively. Chikungunya means “that which bends up” a Makonde word (Africa) derived from kungunyala, and it causes severe joint and muscle pain, similar to arthritic symptoms. The first isolation of the virus took place at the border between Tanzania and Mozambique in 1952 and cases where reported since in different parts of the tropical countries Africa, Asia. Recent outbreaks were reported in Europe and it is on rise due to recent climate variability. This research focuses on epidemiology of Chikungunya virus and its impact on the communities on a global scale. This will also focus on challenges that public authorities need to face in case of outbreaks and will propose further research in developing a safe, efficient and affordable treatment. Currently, no vaccine is active for its treatment. Every state has a different approach towards its own public healthcare system, as well diseases always mutate faster than the time allocated by the state for preparation in case of an epidemy.

Keywords: Chikungunya, epidemiology, outbreaks, public health.