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Social Business Models in the Context of Romanian Rural Environment
Daniela PASNICU

Last modified: 2016-08-25

Abstract


Abstract: The labor market in rural areas faces a new challenge, of to increase employment through entrepreneurship development and transfer of labour from subsistence agriculture sectors to non-agricultural competitive sectors under the conditions of the existence of a high percentage of workforce aging, inactive, discouraged from finding a job, with low level of education, training,  entrepreneurial culture and income. The paper presents a SWOT analysis of rural workforce market and the framework of regulations regarding the development of social entrepreneurship opportunities as a modern form adapted for solving social problems. It is important to developing another type of business towards to solve social problems facing rural environment, an equitable redistribution of income, reinvest profits to create new jobs and not to accumulate it in order to deepen the economic and social inequalities. Based on a statistical investigation on the main problems faced by entrepreneurs from rural area and internationally good practices are mentioned several orientation directions of social business models in the context of rural area.


Keywords


Keywords: social business, employment, rural area, vulnerable persons, labor market, social economy.

References


[1] Cukier W., Trenholm S., Carl D., Gekas G. (2011) Social Entrepreneurship: A Content Analysis George, Ryerson University, Journal of Strategic Innovation and Sustainability vol. 7(1)

[2] Drucker, PF (1985), Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Collins Business, New York.

[3] Durieux, Mark B.; Stebbins, Robert A. (2010), Social Entrepreneurship for Dummies, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indiana;

[4] Ghenţa M., Rolul sectorului non-profit în furnizarea serviciilor sociale, pg. 267, Colecţia Puterea de a fi, Editura Didactica şi pedagogica, ISBN 978-973-30-3757-6.

[5] Muhammad Y, Bertrand M, Laurence L-O (2010) Building Social Business Models: Lessons from the Grameen Experience, Long Range Planning, col 43, issues 2-3, pg 308-325.

[6] Paşnicu D., Tudose G., The Main Structural Deficiencies on the Rural Labour Market and Employment Quality, The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS, ISSN 2357-1330.

[7] Stiglizt J. (2009) Moving beyond market fundamentalism to a more balanced economy, Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics 80:3, pp. 345–360, CIRIEC., Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 9600 Garsington Road.

[8] Commission Européenne, (2014), Approches proposées pour la mesure de l’impact social dans la législation et dans les pratiques de la Commission européenne concernant: les FESE et le programme EaSI Sous-groupe du GECES sur la mesure de l’impact social, l'Europe sociale.

[9] Programmatic documents: National Strategy for Employment of Labour (NSLEP 2014-2020); National Competitiveness Strategy 2014 - 2020, Romania's National Strategy on Climate Change, 2013 - 2020; Government strategy for development of small and medium enterprises and improving the business environment in Romania.

[10] The Law 219/2015 on social economy.

 


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